Conceptual Framework Critique on Participatory Planning Process for Urban Transformation: A Case Study of Baan Man Khong Projects in Bangkok
The participation project is a popular concept having influence on project planning process that highly concerns with the community. Although there is participation phenomena in the project but the operational outcomes usually do not achieve the goals as set. Baan Man Khong project is a project under supervision or operation of the Community Organization Development Institute focusing on the development of community organization for the construction of housing security. In this respect, the target group is slum or crowded community and it is through the planning process for the construction of community organization. This begins with the determination of crowded community area, group forming/the establishment of community organization related to savings for housing, planning process for housing development, and operation to gain stable housing. Nevertheless, the Community Organization Development Institute has clear goals and process of Baan Man Khong projects but outcomes of the project implementation are not always fully successful. Baan Man Khong project puts the importance on urban transformation for housing security which it leads to this study and article. Quantitative research is employed in this study in which the analysis unit is Baan Man Khong projects is Bangkok. Independent variables are a level of participation in Baan Man Khong project planning process of the community organization. The independent variables are measured by using a set of questionnaires administered with the community organization head of each project. The dependent variable in this study is urban transformation form of housing security. Area analysis is used for measuring the dependent variable. Results of the study reveals that there is a statistically significant relationship between a level of the participation in planning process (not all projects which are in the form of community organization partnership) of the community organization. That is, a level of community organization partnership participation is mostly in the form of community plan improvement. A level of the participation in the form of opinions is mostly related to development/improvement of basic infrastructure of the community. These phenomenon are usually impacts of a level of the community organization participation.
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