Problems and Threats in Law Enforcements and Performances of Criminal Justice for Prosecution of Trafficking in Persons
This study was a qualitative research aimed at studying the problems and obstacles in the law enforcement and performance of the criminal justice system in the prosecution of human trafficking cases under the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act B.E.2551. Field research was conducted through in-depth interviews and focus group meetings. Sample selection of the study was conducted by Purposive Sampling method from the Key Informants of the agencies of the justice process (Police officers, Prosecutors, Court, Lawyers, Corrections) and the Agencies involved in the enforcement of Anti-Human Trafficking Law. Data were collected from November, 2016 to November 2017.
The government of Thailand is currently trying to tackle human trafficking problems in various significant efforts including the establishment of the policy to prevent and suppress human trafficking as a national agenda and by urging all relevant sectors to seriously step up their litigation against perpetrators and focus on aiding trafficking victims. Furthermore, the budget from the government was increased to tackle human trafficking problems in the amount of 3,208 million Baht; an increase of 23.88% from the year 2016.
Unfortunately, these steps have not been as successful as had been hoped. Officials are still encountering problems in law enforcement, the interpretation of human trafficking, difficulties with procedures, problems of knowledge and expertise of personnel, of fostering a system between government officials and entrepreneurs, and of government officials getting involved in or receiving benefits from human trafficking cases resulting in the Thai government being unable to fully enforce the law on human trafficking.
Therefore, the prosecution of human trafficking case in terms of quality rather than quantity of the cases both domestically and internationally requires the cooperation of all relevant agencies. In particular, officials need to be knowledgeable, serious, and continual in law enforcement to ensure the effective performance of justice through all relevant agencies involved in the prevention and suppression on human trafficking.
Ministry of Social Development and Human Security 2016.A Handbook for the Officials for the operation on Human Trafficking. Additional Legislation Amendment. (August 2007)
Sira Sawangsilpa. (2014).Potential Approach on Law Enforcement Against Human Trafficking in Thailand: A Case Study of the United States Trafficking Victims Protection Act 2000 and the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act 2008. Personal Study Report, Devawongse Varopakarn Institute of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
US Embassy in Thailand. (2017). Report on the situation of human trafficking in Thailand in the year 2017.Retrieved June 27, 2017 from http://thai.bangkok.usembassy.gov/tip2017.
Interviews with international NGOs Sample group International NonGovernment Organizations. Statistics of Corruption of State Officials in
Trafficking Cases 2012-2017. Interviewed on 27 April, 2017.
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