JAPAN’S CONTRIBUTION TO DISARMAMENT, DEMOBILIZATION AND REINTEGRATION (DDR) IN AFGHANISTAN AFTER SEPTEMBER 11
Japan responded to the September 11 attacks in the United States much like most American allies, delivering with immediate humanitarian aid to Afghan refugees in Pakistan, and deploying Self Defense Forces (SDF) in the Indian Ocean to help coordinate American-led military operations in Afghanistan. The reactive Japanese state, bound by internal and external pressures and a limited window of public tolerance for anti-terror operations was able to formulate a security sector reform policy in Afghanistan that fit existing human security and international development aid frameworks. Consequently, Tokyo was able to benefit from the prestige and increased status of international cooperation through the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants into Afghan society. This article documents Japan’s significant contributions to peace and stability in Afghanistan as well as the political obstacles facing the country’s DDR programme during the period between 2002 and 2006.
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