THE NEGOTIATION OF WOMEN IN CONFLICT SITUATIONS IN THE DEEP SOUTH OF THAILAND

  • Duanghathai Buranajaroenkij Institute of Human Rights and Peace Studies, Mahidol University
Keywords: Gender, Negotiation, Peacebuilding, Justice, Thailand

Abstract

The violent conflict in the southern border provinces of Thailand has pushed women into the public sphere, either of necessity or voluntarily. However, women are not merely victims of conflict and violence but attempt to mitigate violence and resolve conflict in their communities. They are determined not only to protect their immediate families but also their society as a whole. The research question that motivates this study is what are the facilitating factors that enable women who live in conflict-prone areas to advance gender demands to engage with the peace process and to redress gender inequality although they do not have the authoritative power. This study draws on existing literature and in-depth interviews of 15 women peace activists and two male social activists. This study finds four facilitating factors that enable women to intervene in conflict and redress gender inequality: self-mobilization and visibility; knowledge and skills; outside influences; and the ability to strategize gender issues. Given limitations in power and the minor roles that women have on formal peacebuilding and political platforms, these assets make it possible for women’s groups to leverage social change toward gender equality.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Amnesty International. (2009). Thailand: Torture in the Southern CounterInsurgency. United Kingdom: Amnesty International Publications.

Asia Report N°241. (2012). Thailand: The Evolving Conflict in the South. Bangkok: International Crisis Group. Asianews. (2018, December 15). Thai
Islamic Council bans child marriage following scandals. Asianews. Retrieved from http://www.asianews.it/news-en/ThaiIslamic-Council-bans-child-marriagefollowing-scandals-45749.html

Buranajaroenkij, D., Suwanbubha, P. & Yimyong, M. (2017). Women at a Periphery of the Deep South Peace Process: A perspective of Female Victims of Violent Conflict. Journal of MCU Peace Studies, 5(1), 14-27.

Charoenpolpiriya, N. & Sombatpoonsiri, J. (2009). Peace Witness: Whispers from the Silence. Nakornpathom: Research Center for Peacebuilding, Mahidol University. Deep South Incident Database (DSID). (2018, December 11). Summary of Incidents in Deep Southern Thailand. Pattani: Deep South Watch. Deep South Incident Database. Retrieved from https://deepsouthwatch.org/sites/default/files/blogs/attachment/datasheet_112018-en.pdf

Isaranews. (2017, October 22). Fiscal 2018 to Resolve Conflict in the South. Isaranews. Retrieved from https://www.isranews.org/contentpage/67-south-slide/60551-money.html?fbclid=IwAR3tSjF5jHKGNJ8JrFX6rWV7x0JrUeabN94qBg7wI709_s7kCpu-WBUdtyQ

Kliangklao, L. (2013, March 25). Peace perspective…state-media-women-and the truths from the ground. Isranews Agency. Retrieved from
http://www.isranews.org/isranewsarticle/item/20184-มุมมองสันติภาพ-รัฐ-สื่อ-ผู้หญิง-และความเป็นจริงจากพื้นที.html

Lamb, K. (2018, July 10) Malaysian man who married 11-year-old Thai girl fined $450 by sharia court. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/10/malaysian-man-marriage-11-year-old-thailand-girl-fined

Lederach, J. P. & Lederach, A. J. (2010). When Blood and Bones Cry Out: Journeys through the Soundscape of Healing and Reconciliation. New
York: Oxford.

Lederach, J. P. 2005. The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul of Building Peace. New York: Oxford University Press.

Marddent, A., Pollachom, T. & Promrat, M. (2019). Break the Silence: Analysing social norms and beliefs that justify domestic violence against Muslim women in the conflict-affected Southern Border Provinces of Thailand. Bangkok: Oxfam International.

Moser, C. O.N, and Clark, C. F. (2001). Victims, Perpetrators or Actors? Gender, Armed Conflict and Political Violence. London: Zed Books.

National Human Rights Commission of Thailand (NHRC). (2018). Recommendations on Justice Access for Muslim Women in the Southern Border Provinces. Bangkok: NHRC.

Office of Peace and Governance, King Prajadhipok Institute. (2017). 3rd Survey of People’s Opinion on Southern Thailand’s Peace Process (Peace Survey 3). Bangkok: King Prajadhipok Institute.

Peace Witness Volunteer Project. (2009). Peace Witness Volunteer: A Whisper from Silence. Nakornpathom: Mahidol University.

Pohitaedaoh, P. (2018, November 6). National Seminar on Promoting Women’s Leadership and Political Participation. Bangkok: Gender and
Development Research Institute.

Porter, E. (2012). Women, Peace and Securing Human Rights. In G. B. Chen, B. Offord & R. Garbutt (Eds.), Activating Human Rights and Peace:
Theories, Practices and Contexts (pp.201-215). England: Ashgate.

Ramsbotham, O., Woodhouse, T. & Miall, H. (2016). Contemporary Conflict Resolution: The prevention, management and transformation of deadly conflicts. 4th Edition. UK: Polity.

Reimann, C. (1999). The Field of Conflict Management: Why Does Gender Matter? Bonn: Arbeitstelle Friedensforschung.

Samoh, A. (2013). “BRN has no objection to women’s participation in the peace dialogue.” Deep South Watch. Retrieved on February 20, 2019 from
http://www.deepsouthwatch.org/dsj/4110

Shepherd, L. J. (2018). Feminist Security Studies. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies. DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190846626.013
.393

Shields, P. M. (2017). Limits of Negative Peace, Faces of Positive Peace. The US Army War College Quarterly Parameters, 47(3), 5-12.

Sjoberg, L. (2016). What, and Where, is Feminist Security Studies? Journal of Regional Security, 11(2), 143-161.

Thomas, J. L. & Wood, R. M. (2017). The social origins of female combatants. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 1(18), 1-18.

Ticker, J. A. (1992). Gender and International Relations. Feminist Perspectives on Achieving Global Security. New York. Columbia University Press.

Todong, H. (2013, March 14). Deep South women’s network announces support for the peace talk. Deep South Watch. Retrieved from http://www.deepsouthwatch.org/dsj/th/4027

Umar, U. (2015). Narratives and Fluidity of Identity: Lived Experiences of Muslim Women in the Southern Border. Rusamilae Journal, 36(1), 6-20
Published
2019-07-27
How to Cite
Buranajaroenkij, D. (2019). THE NEGOTIATION OF WOMEN IN CONFLICT SITUATIONS IN THE DEEP SOUTH OF THAILAND. Social Science Asia, 5(3), 68-80. Retrieved from https://socialscienceasia.nrct.go.th/index.php/SSAsia/article/view/167
Section
Research Article