RETURNED MIGRANT WORKERS’ ORGANIZATION AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF INDRAMAYU, INDONESIA
Studies of international migration have highlighted the positive impacts it can have on the development of community of origin. However, it remains unclear exactly how international migration leads to positive development. In this article, I argue that the creation of returned migrants’ organizations, as a form of political mobilization, contribute to positive development in the community of origin, not only economically but also socio-politically. This article examines the role of returned migrant workers’ village organizations in developing their community of origin, using the case study of Indramayu regency, West Java, Indonesia, as it has remained the largest sending area of Indonesian overseas migrant workers for years. The findings of this study highlight the importance of the political dimensions of returned migrants’ village organization’s work in developing the community of origin, including community development, policy making, and constructing communal village projects.
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