IS SOCIAL MEDIA A REFORM ADVOCATE?: AN ANALYSIS USING THE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH
The world is becoming increasingly connected through the power of the Internet. The creation of websites was an innovative advancement in technology that has afforded information and communication technologies (ICTs) special recognition as a means to improve people’s lives. Such technology has brought to life what are known as social networking services. These services, better known as social media, are increasingly attracting the attention of both the public and academic researchers intrigued by their utilization and reach. On 26 August 2013, the Filipino people made history by using social media to organize the “Million People March”, a protest calling for the abolition of the pork barrel government system and for the prosecution of those that abused it. The “Occupy Wall Street” movement of 2011, known for non-violent protest of the growing income disparity and economic inequality attributed to Wall Street’s corporate executives, was organized on social media and carried out in New York City. In the same year, the democratic uprising known as the “Arab Spring” highlighted the effective use of social media to organize, communicate, and raise awareness of State attempts at repression and Internet censorship. An increasing number of studies are examining these phenomena, however comparative studies of the results of these events remains limited. In an attempt to fill this gap, this study focuses on the success and the outcomes of these movements that made use of social media. This paper will shed light on the role of social media in advocating for governmental reforms.
Danish Institute for Human Rights. (2007). Applying a Rights-Based Approach: An Inspirational Guide for Civil Society. Retrieved from http://www.acfid.asn.au/aidissues/files/applying-a-rightsbased-approach-2013-aninspirational-guide-for-civilsociety.
EQUITAS - International Centre for Human Rights Education. (2014). Elements of a Human RightsBased Approach. Retrieved from http://www.ccic.ca/_files/en/what_we _do/2014_02_hrba_final.
Gitlin, Todd (2012). Occupy Nation- The Roots, The Spirit, and the Promise of Occupy Wall Street. (Harper Collins Epub Edition). Retrieved from http://www.harpercollins.com/ 9780062200921/occupynation.
Kaplan, A.M. & Haenlein, M. (2010). Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of social media. Business Horizons, 53(1). Retrieved from http://openmediart.com/log/pics/sdarticle.pdf.
Maier, C., Laumer, S., Eckhardt, A., & Weitzel, T. (2014). Giving too much social support: Social overload on social networking sites. European Journal of Information Systems (EJIS). Retrieved from http://www.palgravejournals.com/ejis/journal/vaop/ncurrent/ full/ejis20143a.html.
Newman, Kira. (n.d.). How Change.org Is Changing the World [INTERVIEW]. TECHCocktail San Francisco. Retrieved from http://tech.co/change-org-2014-03.
Presse, Agence F. (2013). Facebook Protest Sparks Call for Major Philippine Rally. ABS-CBN News. Retrieved from http://www.abscbnnews.com/focus/08/25/13/facebook-protest-sparks-call-majorphilippine-rally.
UNDP. (2006). Indicators for Human Rights Based Approaches to Development in UNDP Programming: A User’s Guide. Retrieved from http://gaportal.org/sites/default/files/HRBA%20indicators%20guide.pdf.
Copyright (c) 2019 National Research Council of Thailand (NRCT)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The article published and information contained in this journal such as text, graphics, logos and images is copyrighted by and proprietary to the National Research Council of Thailand.
The article will be published under a CC-BY-NC-ND license (https://creativecommons.org). This license means that anyone may freely read, download, distribute and make the article available to the public (in printed and electronic form), provided that the author and the journal as the source are acknowledged, whereas no commercial use is allowed and the work may not be altered, transformed or serve as the basis for a derivative work.