DEVELOPMENT POLICY BEYOND CHINA RISING: EAST-WEST ECONOMIC CORRIDOR (EWEC) AND LOWER-NORTHERN THAILAND

  • Prateep Chaylee National Sun Yat-Sen University
Keywords: EWEC, ICI, BGEZ, Guangxi strategy

Abstract

This article explores regional development policy in lower-northern Thailand through the Indo-China Intersection (ICI). The ICI arrived when East-West Economic Corridor (EWEC) was officially opened in Thailand in 2008. Interestingly, the return of EWEC at this time came along with the rise of China’s power, which is the main key factor to run this hopeful mega-project in Phitsanulok and in the northeastern region. Thai geography places this area in the middle of the ASEAN region. Therefore, it is likely to be the focal point of economic and political powers in this region. The southern part of China’s Yunnan province is a landlocked area. Since 1989, China has played a role through GMS Economic Cooperation to nearby countries, which was the first project initiation. During the 1990s, China’s FTA with other ASEAN countries was expanded to gain from trade with new economic partners. Consequently, Guanxi Economic Strategy through Beibu Gulf Economic Zone (BGEZ) was established and integrated with the Quadrangle Economic Cooperation or GMS Economic Zone. The second phase of the Guangxi strategy mainly focuses on opening the gate to ASEAN countries by using the "one axis, two wings strategy." This strategy is not only a global strategy of land-link but is also a factor of change in lower-northern region and nearby areas.

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Published
2020-10-30
How to Cite
Chaylee, P. (2020). DEVELOPMENT POLICY BEYOND CHINA RISING: EAST-WEST ECONOMIC CORRIDOR (EWEC) AND LOWER-NORTHERN THAILAND. Social Science Asia, 6(4), 52-72. Retrieved from https://socialscienceasia.nrct.go.th/index.php/SSAsia/article/view/220
Section
Research Article