FLOOD AND WATER MANAGEMENT: CASE STUDIES IN THAI HISTORY: WHAT LESSON THAT WE SHOULD LEARN?
For many thousands of years that people who lived in the area called ‘Thailand’ had been settled along the waterway and estuary. Water and flooding mean life and way of living to them and be part of their culture through time. The paper consists of four main sections which are 1) introduction of water culture in Thailand; 2) lesson learnt from three historic water-based cities (Sukhothai, Wiang Kum Kam and Ayutthaya); 3) discussion on flooding circumstance; and 4) a conclusion. This paper aims to present lesson learnt and good practice in how Thais live with water and flood. This research was mainly collected by relevant studies either written or pictorial documents from the authour and his research colleagues who are Supajanya and Sumet Jumsai, the two well-known geologist and architect as well as cultural related to water experts. Water-based contexts in this paper are presented since Thavaravadee era since it has reflected how water-based people were. By learning how Thais lived with water in the past show constructive ways of living by the water networks for various advantages (defensive strategic city, transportation, agriculture, etc.). Further applications between indigenous knowledge with appropriate technology for living with flood should be promoted in Thailand for coping with climate change as global challenges and for achieving future sustainability.
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