Providing Shelter, Understanding Culture, and Anticipating Needs of the Displaced

  • Christian Olasiman Zamboanga City Government, Philippines
  • Jane Bascar Early Recovery Cluster Head, Zamboanga City Government, Philippines
Keywords: Philippines, Zamboanga, Refugees, Urban Housing, Buggoc Build


Violent conflicts throughout the world dominate today’s news reports. Everywhere bloody clashes are disrupting lives and producing refugees. Compounding the problem are simultaneous natural disasters that also destroy homes and disrupt lives. Some of the refugees cross national borders and become wards of major international governmental and non-governmental organizations. Other refugees are dislocated within their own countries and become major problems for local governments. Problems of assisting refugees are always difficult, but they are exacerbated when, as often happens, refugees come from diverse ethnic groups with widely differing needs. This case study from Zamboanga City in the Philippines illustrates both the general problem of assisting refugees and the more challenging problem of assisting multi-ethnic groups of refugees.


Download data is not yet available.


City of Zamboanga. 2014. "Site Profile-Zamboanga Recovery Program. Buggoc Transitory Site." City of Zamboanga. Document distributed internally among humanitarian partners in Zamboanga.

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre. 2014. "Death in displacement: Why the Philippine government must allow Zamboanga’s IDPs to go back home." Accessed January 15,2016. government-must-allow-zamboangas-idps-to-go-back-home.

Jazul, L. 2014. "The Badjaos of Zamboanga one year after." Accessed January 15, 2016.

Office of Civil Defense. 2013. Post Conflict Needs Assessment Final Report. Zamboanga City. Philippines Office of Civil Defense.

Peralta, J. T. 2002. "Glimpses: Peoples of the Philippines. National Commission for Culture and the Arts." Accessed January 15, 2016.

Rebollos, G. 2014. Resilience Amidst Crisis in Zamboanga City: Narratives on Internally Displaced Communities. Zamboanga City. ZABIDA. 2012. "Common Misconceptions about Sama." Accessed on January 15, 2016.

SONA Technical Report. 2014. "The 2014 SONA Technical Report. The Office of the President of the Philippines. Accessed January 15, 2016. pref=2&pli=1.

UNHCR. 1998. The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. Accessed on January 15, 2016.

UNHCR. 2013. "Global Trends Report." Retrieved from
How to Cite
Olasiman, C., & Bascar, J. (2017). Providing Shelter, Understanding Culture, and Anticipating Needs of the Displaced. Social Science Asia, 3(2), 91-101. Retrieved from
Research Article