A SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS APPROACH TO MANAGING COASTAL CITIES: PROSPECTS FOR ENHANCING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AND DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES

  • Sonia Chand Sandhu Mahasarakham University
  • Kristoffer Berse Mahasarakham University
Keywords: system of systems approach, systems theory, sustainable tourism, urban disaster risk management, coastal city governance

Abstract

This paper introduces the challenge of addressing interrelated development issues contextualized to the tourism economy and natural ecosystems in the Philippines with high vulnerability to natural disasters. This is aligned with the emphasis in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and other global commitments advocating institutional paradigm shifts for achieving interrelated targets to protect lives, livelihoods, and generally development gains at both national and local levels. In light of the foregoing, the paper offers a System of Systems (SOS) approach, derived from the wide body of knowledge on Systems Theory, in understanding complex and inter-related issues that coastal cities face. Based on this understanding, to demonstrate its applicability, SOS is applied in two areas, namely, sustainable tourism and disaster risk management. The paper discusses and concludes with a way forward for institutionalizing systems theory application in city management for enhancing governance by improving evidence gathering and strengthening institutional feedback mechanisms.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

PTSA Press Release.pdf. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2018percent20PTSApercent20Presspercent20Release.pdf

About Systems Engineering. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.incose.org/about-systems-engineering

Javier A.B., & Elazigue D.B. (2011, March 5). Opportunities and Challenges in Tourism Development Roles of Local Government Units in the Philippines. 3rd Annual Conference of the Academic Network of Development Studies in Asia (ANDA). Skills Development for New Dynamism in Asian Developing Countries under Globalization. March 5-7, 2011 Symposion Hall, Nagoya University Japan. Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) and Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.

Barbier, E. B., & Burgess, J. C. (2017). The Sustainable Development Goals and the systems approach to sustainability. Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal. https://doi.org/10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2017-28

Bevir, M. (2013). SAGE Handbook of Governance. Sage Publication.

Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance. (2018). Philippines: Disaster Management Reference Handbook (March 2018) - Philippines. Retrieved from https://reliefweb.int/report/philippines/philippines-disaster-management-reference-handbook-march-2018

City Government of Iriga. (2020). IRIGA CITY OPERATION AND MANAGEMENT ON RESPONSE AND PREVENTION OF COVID-19. Retrieved from https://uclg-aspac.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Iriga-OPERATION-AND-MANAGEMENT-ON-RESPONSE-AND-PREVENTION-OF-COVID.pdf

Day, J. St., Forster, T., Misereor, J. H., Korte, L., Radtke, K., Thielbörge, P., & Weller, D. (2019). World Risk Report. Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft. Retrieved from https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/WorldRiskReport-2019_Online_english.pdf

DENR, DILG, USAID, DA-BFAR. (2001). Coastal Management Oreintation and Overview. DENR. Retrieved from https://faspselib.denr.gov.ph/sites/default/files//Publicationpercent20Files/crmguidebook1.pdf

Deolalikar, A.B., Jha, S., & Quising, P. F., (Eds.). (2015). Governance in Developing Asia, Public Service Delivery and Empowerment. Asian Development Bank and Edward Elgar Publishing.

Elflein, J. (2020, May 2). Topic: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Disease Pandemic- Statistics & Facts. Retrieved from https://www.statista.com/topics/5994/the-coronavirus-disease-covid-19-outbreak/

Environment and Ecology. (2020, February 17). Environment and Ecology. Retrieved from http://environment-ecology.com/general-systems-theory/137-what-is-systems-theory.html#Overview

Figueiredo, L., Honiden, T., & Schumann, A. (2018). Indicators for Resilient Cities. OECD. https://dx.doi.org/10.1787/6f1f6065-en

Hopkins, T., Bailly, D., Elmgren, R., Glegg, G., Sandberg, A., & Støttrup, J. (2012). A Systems Approach Framework for the Transition to Sustainable Development: Potential Value Based on Coastal Experiments. Ecology and Society, 17(3). https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-05266-170339

Mostafavi, A. (2017). A system-of-systems approach for integrated resilience assessment in highway transportation infrastructure investment. Infrastructures, 2(4)(22). https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures2040022

NEDA. (2018). Strengthening NEDA’s Oversight Role in Development Planning and Policy Coordination. 2018, Annual Report. National Economic and Development Authority. Retrieved from http://www.neda.gov.ph/annual-report-2018/

Newton, A. (2012). A systems approach for sustainable development in coastal zones. Ecology and Society.

ONEOCEAN Infomations. (n.d.). Retrieved May 1, 2020, from http://www.oneocean.org/flash/the_philippine_seas.html

PEMSEA, GEF, UNDP. (2018). State of Oceans and Coasts PHILIPPINES.

Philippine Statistics Authority, PSA. (2019). Press Release, Contribution of Tourism to the Philippine Economy. Philippine Statisitcs Authority. Retrieved from https://psa.gov.ph/tourism/satellite-accounts

Sandhu, S. C., Kelkar, V., & Vaideeshwaran, S. (2019). Resilient Coastal Cities for Enhancing Tourism Economy: Integrated Planning Approaches. Asian Development Bank Institute. Retrieved from https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/541031/adbi-wp1043.pdf

Sharkansky, I. (1978). Public Administration (Fourth). Rand McNally Publishing Company.

Stewart, J., & Ayres, R. (2001). Systems theory and policy practice: An exploration. Policy Sciences, Springer, 34(1), 79–94.

Republic of Philippines Department of the Interior and Local Government: DILG. (2020, April 24).

Rationalizing the establishment of a local government unit task force against COVID-19. Retrieved from https://www.dilg.gov.ph/issuances/mc/Rationalizing-the-Establishment-of-a-Local-Government-Unit-Task-Force-Against-COVID-19/3202

The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific: ESCAP. (2019). The Disaster Riskscape across Asia-Pacific, Asia-Pacific Disaster Report 2019, Executive Summary for Policymakers Pathways for Resilience, Inclusion and Empowerment. Retrieved from https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/Asia-Pacificpercent20Disasterpercent20Reportpercent202019percent20-percent20Summarypercent20forpercent20Policymakers_0.pdf

UN Statistics Division of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis. (2001). Environment Glossary. Retrieved from https://unstats.un.org/unsd/environmentgl/search.asp

UNDRR, ADPC. (2019). Disaster Risk Reduction in the Philippines, Status Report 2019. United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, Asia Disaster Preparedness Center. Retrieved from https://www.unisdr.org/files/68265_682308philippinesdrmstatusreport.pdf

UPRI, Pandemic Response Team. (2020). POLICY NOTE NO. 2 Modified Community Quarantine beyond April 30: Analysis and Recommendations UP COVID-19 Pandemic Response Team.

Vereinte Nationen (ed.). (2018). Working together: Integration, institutions and the Sustainable Development Goals. United Nations.

Published
2022-06-16
How to Cite
Sandhu, S. C., & Berse, K. (2022). A SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS APPROACH TO MANAGING COASTAL CITIES: PROSPECTS FOR ENHANCING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AND DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES. Social Science Asia, 8(3), 34-58. Retrieved from https://socialscienceasia.nrct.go.th/index.php/SSAsia/article/view/303
Section
Research Article