PRACTICE PRODUCTIVE AND PROTECTIVE WELFARE IN A THAI LOCAL ADMINISTRATION
Productive welfare model was coined several decades ago by Ian Holliday (2000). It has been introduced as a more ontologically appropriate model to many nations in East Asia and Southeast Asia, including Thailand. The productive welfare tends to encourage people to participate actively in labor market. However, it is not necessary to deny or neglect the protective welfare model. As the two models can be positively designed to support both economic growth and social equality. In Thailand, Ministry of Social Development and Human Security launched a program for promoting local administrations to organize the productive welfare with the belief that it will enhance human dignity. Among many local administrations, Don Kaew Subdistrict Administrative Organization, MaeRim, Chiang Mai practices the productive welfare model. The practice processes, however, reflect simultaneously both productive and protective welfare models. The highly effective Village Health Volunteers (VHV) and the determinant to the concepts of social democracy are some of the significant mechanism to create an integration of productive – protective welfare provisions. The practices of productive and protective welfare are to some extent to reduce inequalities, particularly, in the context of local administration.
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