FACTORS AFFECTING EFFECTIVENESS OF THE ACTIVE AGING PROGRAM FOR OLDER PERSONS IN THAILAND
The objective of this research was to investigate the effective factors influencing the outcome of the active aging program for older persons in Thailand. The data were collected by using the questionnaire which was designed from the result of the previous qualitative study conducted by the researcher with the health programs in Japan and Thailand. In addition, the literature review revealed that the board concept of the “Logic Model” and “Ecological Theory” were also applicable to this study. The samples were 250 respondents working in municipalities in the central part of Thailand. All of the respondents were staff in charge of a program for developing the quality of life for older persons in each community. The quantitative data were analyzed by using Structural Equation Model (SEM). The findings revealed that the proposed model had a good fit index: X2(21, N=250) = 26.849, p = .176, X2/df = 1.279, CFI = .999, TLI = .996, RMSEA =.033, SRMR = .018. Besides, it was found that process and activities factor directly influenced the outcome at the effect size equivalent to (β) = 0.779 (t = 7.300) and the indicators included 1) operation team 2) activity design 3) self-participation 4) family participation and 5) community participation. In addition, resources support indirectly influenced the outcome through the variables of process and activities at the effect size equivalent to (β) = 1.054*0.779 =0.821. It can be concluded that five indicators of the process and activities were significant factors affecting the outcome of the active aging program for older persons in the community in Thailand. This conclusion was supported by the “Logic Model” approach which was applied in this study. Regarding the management of the program, it is suggested that municipalities should adjust their activities to encourage participation, knowledge exchange, building relationships and activities involving older persons, their families, and other older people in the community. They should also aim to equip staff with specific expertise based on their interests in specific areas involving program provision or they should promote staff to specialized tasks.
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