FACTORS AFFECTING EFFECTIVENESS OF THE ACTIVE AGING PROGRAM FOR OLDER PERSONS IN THAILAND

  • Nattapat Sarobol Thammasat University
Keywords: Effective Factors, Health Promotion Program, Active Aging, Logic Model

Abstract

The objective of this research was to investigate the effective factors influencing the outcome of the active aging program for older persons in Thailand. The data were collected by using the questionnaire which was designed from the result of the previous qualitative study conducted by the researcher with the health programs in Japan and Thailand. In addition, the literature review revealed that the board concept of the “Logic Model” and “Ecological Theory” were also applicable to this study. The samples were 250 respondents working in municipalities in the central part of Thailand. All of the respondents were staff in charge of a program for developing the quality of life for older persons in each community. The quantitative data were analyzed by using Structural Equation Model (SEM). The findings revealed that the proposed model had a good fit index: X2(21, N=250) = 26.849, p = .176, X2/df = 1.279, CFI = .999, TLI = .996, RMSEA =.033, SRMR = .018. Besides, it was found that process and activities factor directly influenced the outcome at the effect size equivalent to (β) = 0.779 (t = 7.300) and the indicators included 1) operation team 2) activity design 3) self-participation 4) family participation and 5) community participation. In addition, resources support indirectly influenced the outcome through the variables of process and activities at the effect size equivalent to (β) = 1.054*0.779 =0.821. It can be concluded that five indicators of the process and activities were significant factors affecting the outcome of the active aging program for older persons in the community in Thailand. This conclusion was supported by the “Logic Model” approach which was applied in this study. Regarding the management of the program, it is suggested that municipalities should adjust their activities to encourage participation, knowledge exchange, building relationships and activities involving older persons, their families, and other older people in the community. They should also aim to equip staff with specific expertise based on their interests in specific areas involving program provision or they should promote staff to specialized tasks.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bengtson, V. L., Burgess, E. O., & Parrott, T. M. (1997). Theory, Explanation, and a Third Generation of Theoretical Development in Social Gerontology. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 52B(2), S72-S88. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/52B.2.S72

Chen, H. T. (2015). Practical program evaluation: Theory-driven evaluation and the integrated evaluation perspective. Sage Publications.

Chuanwan, S., & Prasartkul, P. (2020). Verification of Reported Age of Centenarians in Thailand. Journal of Population and Social Studies [JPSS], 28(4), 348-360. https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jpss/article/view/234290

Curry, N., Castle-Clarke, S., & Hemmings, N. (2018). What can England learn from the long-term care system in Japan. London: Nuffield Trust.

Demirdöğen, G., & Işık, Z. (2021). Structural Equation Model of the Factors Affecting Construction Industry Innovation Success. Teknik Dergi, 32(2), 10717-10738. https://doi.org/10.18400/tekderg.567272

Fernandez-Ballesteros, R., Olmos, R., Santacreu, M., Bustillos, A., & Molina, M. A. (2017, 2017/07/01/). The role of perceived discrimination on active aging. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 71, 14-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2017.02.004

Fertman, C. I., & Allensworth, D. D. (2010). Health Promotion Programs: From Theory to Practice. Jossey-Bass A Wiley Imprint.

Fries, J. F. (2012, 2012/10/21). The Theory and Practice of Active Aging. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research, 2012, 420637. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/420637

Health and Welfare Bureau for the Elderly, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan. (2017). Manual for Community Care Prevention Program.

Hikichi, H., Kondo, K., Takeda, T., & Kawachi, I. (2017, 2017/01/01/). Social interaction and cognitive decline: Results of a 7-year community intervention. Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions, 3(1), 23-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trci.2016.11.003

International Health Policy Program Permanent Secretary Office, Ministry of Public Health. (2017). Health at a Glance Thailand. Srimuang Printing.

Kim, J., Lee, H., Cho, E., Lee, K. H., Park, C. G., & Cho, B.-H. (2020). Multilevel Effects of Community Capacity on Active Aging in Community-Dwelling Older Adults in South Korea. Asian Nursing Research, 14(1), 36-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2020.01.001

Kittipimpanon, K., Amnatsatsue, K., Kerdmongkol, P., Maruo, S. J., & Nityasuddhi, D. (2012). Development and evaluation of a community-based fall prevention program for elderly Thais. Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research, 16(3), 222-235.

Kosit Tiptieampong. (2018). Life Expectancy and Health Life Expectancy and Tips for long life of Japanese people. https://mgronline.com/japan/detail/9610000093291

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan. (2014). Annual Health, Labor and Welfare Report. http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/wp/

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan. (2016). Annual Health, Labor and Welfare Report. http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/wp/

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan. (2017a). Annual Health, Labor and Welfare Report. http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/wp/

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan. (2017b). The Manual for Promote the Care Prevention Program through Community Development. Department of Health Promotion. Department of Health Promotion. Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan.

Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan. (2017). Annual Health, Labour and Welfare Report. http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/wp/

National Minority AIDS Council. (n.d.). Program Development. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://doi.org/grants U22/CCU318121 and U22/CCU318525

Nemoto, Y., Saito, T., Kanamori, S., Tsuji, T., Shirai, K., Kikuchi, H., Maruo, K., Arao, T., & Kondo, K. (2017). An additive effect of leading role in the organization between social participation and dementia onset among Japanese older adults: the AGES cohort study. BMC Geriatrics, 17(1), 297. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-017-0688-9

Rossi, P. H., Lipsey, M. W., & Henry, G. T. (2004). Evaluation: A systematic approach (7th ed.). Sage publications.

Sasipat, Y., Nattapat, S., Ronnarong, J., Acjitra, K., & Thanikarn, S. (2015). The Evaluation of Achievement of Older Persons’ Life Quality Development Center. J. Print.

Tsuruta, S. (2015). Future Care Prevention- Expectations for Rehabilitation Professionals. Comprehensive Rehabilitation, 43(9 September), 803-808.

United Nations Population Fund. (2012). Ageing in the Twenty-First Century: A Celebration and A challenge. United Nations Population Fund and Help Age International.

World Health Organization. (2002). Active ageing - A policy framework. https://www.who.int/

Published
2022-09-21
How to Cite
Sarobol, N. (2022). FACTORS AFFECTING EFFECTIVENESS OF THE ACTIVE AGING PROGRAM FOR OLDER PERSONS IN THAILAND. Social Science Asia, 8(4), 16-35. Retrieved from https://socialscienceasia.nrct.go.th/index.php/SSAsia/article/view/314
Section
Research Article