PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP AND NEW PUBLIC GOVERNANCE: THE STRATEGIES FOR SMART CITIES SUPPORTING TO REDUCE SOCIAL INEQUALITY
This article aimed to explain the concept of smart city development which requires a special pattern that is smart city governance. The concept is related to the concept of the new public governance, which is a new paradigm of public administration since the traditional public governance may not be suitable for the development, causing a delay and inability to adapt to the development based on the globalization era. It could not provide a solution to the problems and needs of the people. The new public governance prioritizes network management and is not limited only to the public sector but also encourages the private sector and civil society sector to participate in the provision of public services. It gives importance to public services delivered to the general public effectively and inclusively through a public-private partnership model of governance cooperation, which is a form of promoting cooperation in public service provision between the public and private sectors in current public governance. It is expected to be a strategy that facilitates smart city governance by utilizing technology to facilitate the general public in accessing public services. This would reduce social inequality. In Thailand, the example of a public-private partnership in smart city development was the establishment of a city development company. Currently, city development companies have been established in 10 provinces all over Thailand.
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