SOCIAL PROTECTION FOR MIGRANT WORKERS DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC SITUATION IN THAILAND: A CASE STUDY OF SAMUTSAKORN PROVINCE
The pandemic situation of COVID-19 In Thailand affects social impacts on Thai people and migrant workers where working conditions and normal life have changed and worsened. In particular, migrant workers who are not only directly affected but are also considered carriers of COVID-19 as a super spreader in the country. As a consequence, those migrant workers become the vulnerable group from having to stop working, the number of working days and income have decreased but the daily expenses are the same as before COVID-19 or even it would be increasing. They tend to be out of the loop of assistance. This article aims to show the relevance of how social protection can help migrants overcome these outbreaking situations or mitigate the problems they are facing. The social protection system for migrant workers in Thailand is still quite challenging and should provide measures for the case of migrants, child migrant workers/children on the move, and followers in Samutsakhon Province. There is only short-term assistance but still, be a question of the middle and long-term solutions. Therefore, to have Social Protection, the government should have measures and policies which can be core local community mechanisms to link with the contingency plan and prevention at the level of community and provincial levels. The methodology in this research obtains information and key messages from various related persons by conducting focus groups and addressing the issue related to social protection in the conference with relevant agencies.
Devereux, S. and Sabates-Wheeler, R. (2004). “Transformative social protection". IDS Working Paper 232. Institute of Development Studies. Retrieved 29 May 2022. https://socialprotection.org/learn/glossary/transformative-measures
Hennebry, J. (2014). Falling through the cracks? Migrant workers and the Global Social Protection Floor. Global Social Policy, 14(3), 369-388.
International Labor Organization. (2010). The Social Protection Floor. https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---europe/---ro-geneva/---ilo-brussels/documents/genericdocument/wcms_169305.pdf
International Labor Organization. (2020). Social protection for migrant workers: A necessary response to the Covid-19 crisis. Retrieved https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_protect/---soc_sec/documents/publication/wcms_748979.pdf
Kluge, H. H. P., Jakab, Z., Bartovic, J., d'Anna, V., & Severoni, S. (2020). Refugee and migrant health in the COVID-19 response. The Lancet, 395(10232), 1237-1239.
Koh, D. (2020). Migrant workers and COVID-19. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 77(9), 634-636.
Liem, A., Wang, C., Wariyanti, Y., Latkin, C. A., & Hall, B. J. (2020). The neglected health of international migrant workers in the COVID-19 epidemic. Lancet Psychiatry. 7(4): e20.
Neef, A. (2020). Legal and social protection for migrant farm workers: lessons from COVID-19. Agriculture and Human Values, 37, 641-642.
Razavi, S., Behrendt, C., Bierbaum, M., Orton, I., & Tessier, L. (2020). Reinvigorating the social contract and strengthening social cohesion: Social protection responses to COVID‐19. International Social Security Review, 73(3), 55-80.
Reid, A., Ronda‐Perez, E., & Schenker, M. B. (2021). Migrant workers, essential work, and COVID‐19. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 64(2), 73-77.
Sabates-Wheeler, R., & Waite, M. (2003). Migration and Social Protection: A concept paper. Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, December, 1645, 1980-2000.
Samut Sakhon Province. (2021). Order of Samut Sakhon Province No.4/2564, Re: Guidelines for disease prevention and control in an industrial factory or establishment (No.33) (2 January 2021), Retrieved 30 May 2022. http://www.samutsakhon.go.th/_new/files/com_news/2021-04_bac4a28b2ccf17c.pdf. [In Thai]
Samut Sakhon Province. (2020). Order of Samut Sakhon Province No. 2563/2563, Re: Establish a place for disease prevention and control or "Sakhon People Concern Center" (No. 28) (27 December 2020). Retrieved 30 May 2022. http://www.samutsakhon.go.th/_new/files/com_news/2021-04_010f94200e51b3f.pdf [In Thai]
Samut Sakhon Province. (2020). Order of Samut Sakhon Province No.3557/2563, Re: Establishment of a place for prevention and control of disease in accordance with the measures for the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (No. 25). Retrieved 30 May 2022. http://www.samutsakhon.go.th/_new/files/com_news/2021-04_a0a9f5cd825ef4b.pdf [In Thai]
Samut Sakhon Province. (2020). Order of Samut Sakhon Province No.3072/2563, Re: Measures to support the organizing of events or activities, music, concerts or various festive activities To prevent the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (No. 19) (4 November 2020). Retrieved 30 May 2022. http://www.samutsakhon.go.th/_new/files/com_news/2021-04_49e7e91ed4f5a73.pdf [In Thai]
Sathinee Sirapaiboon. (2561). Social Protection and Social Security Benefits for Migrant Workers from Three Neighboring Countries. Journal of Social Research, 41(2), 97-140.
Unicef. (n.d.). Social protection. Retrieved 28 May 2022. https://www.unicef.org/social-policy/social-protection
Olivier M. (2018). Social protection for migrant workers in ASEAN: Development, Challenges, and prospects. Retrieved 29 May, 2022. https://www.social-protection.org/gimi/RessourcePDF.action?id=55654
Copyright (c) 2022 National Research Council of Thailand
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The article published and information contained in this journal such as text, graphics, logos and images is copyrighted by and proprietary to the National Research Council of Thailand.
The article will be published under a CC-BY-NC-ND license (https://creativecommons.org). This license means that anyone may freely read, download, distribute and make the article available to the public (in printed and electronic form), provided that the author and the journal as the source are acknowledged, whereas no commercial use is allowed and the work may not be altered, transformed or serve as the basis for a derivative work.