Internal Migration in China: Analysis of Origin-Destination Streams

  • Miao David Chunyu Department of Sociology and Social Work, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point
  • Ying Liu Population Studies & Training Center, Brown University
  • Zhuping Zhou Population and Development Studies Center, Renmin University
  • Michael J. White Population Studies & Training Center, Brown University
Keywords: internal migration, return migration, China, origin-destination linkage

Abstract

This study offers a new approach to analyzing the relationship between migration status and individual income. A new dataset from the 2009 Study of China’s Migrant Population allows us to make systematic comparisons among origin-destination pairs. This helps us better understand how migration experience is associated with one’s income in the context of contemporary Chinese geographic mobility and economic development. We confirm that migration is associated with increased income, which can rise further with additional duration at destination. By contrast, once migrants return home, their prior migration experience does not necessarily benefit them in the hometown labor market. We argue that the lack of labor market success for some of the returnees can be attributable to two factors: (1) a mismatch between returnees’ human capital and aspiration and their hometown labor market conditions, and (2) family demand on returnees.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bai, N. & Song, H. (2002). Out to the city or back to the village: Return migration in China. Beijing: China Finance and Economics Press. (in Chinese)

Chan, K. W. (2008). Internal labor migration in China: Trends, geographical distribution and policies. Proceedings of the United Nations expert group meeting on population distribution, urbanization, internal migration and development (pp. 93-122). UN/POP/EGM-URB/2008/05, United Nations.

Chan, K. W. (2013). China, internal migration. In I. Ness & P. Bellwood (Eds.), The encyclopedia of global migration. Hoboken, NJ: Blackwell Publishing.

Chunyu, M. D., Liang, Z. & Wu Y. (2013). Interprovincial return migration in China: Individual and contextual determinants in Sichuan Province in the 1990s. Environment and Planning A, 45(12),2939-2958. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/a45360

Duleep, H. O. & Dowhan D. J. (2002). Insights from longitudinal data on the earnings growth of U.S. foreign-born men. Demography, 39(3), 485-506. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/dem.2002.0026

Fan, C. C. (2004). Out to the city and back to the village: The experiences and contributions of rural women migration from Sichuan and Anhui. In A. M. Gaetano and T. Jacka (Eds.), On the move: Women in rural to urban migration in contemporary China (pp. 177-206). New York: Columbia University Press.

Goodkind, D. & West, L. A. (2002). China’s floating population: Definitions, data and recent Findings. Urban Studies, 39(12), 2237-2251.

Knight, J. & Yueh, L. (2004). Job mobility of residents and migrants in urban China. Journal of Comparative Economics, 32, 637-660. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jce.2004.07.004

Lewis, W. A. (1954). Economic development with unlimited supplies of labour. The Manchester School, 22(2), 139-191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9957.1954.tb00021.x

Liang, Z. & Chen, Y. P. (2004). Migration and gender in China: An origin-destination linked approach. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 52(2), 423-443. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/380594

Liang, Z., Guo, L. & Duan C. C. (2008). Migration and the well-being of children in China. Yale China Health Journal, 5, 25-46.

Liang, Z. & Ma, Z. (2004). China’s floating population: New evidence from the 2000 census. Population and Development Review, 30(3), 467-488. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2004.00024.x

Ma, Z. (2001). Urban labour-force experience as a determinant of rural occupational change: Evidence from recent urban-rural return migration in China. Environment and Planning A, 33, 237-255. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/a3386

Meng, X. & Zhang J. (2001). The two-tier labor market in urban China: Occupational segregation and wage differentials between urban residents and rural migrants in Shanghai. Journal of Comparative Economics, 29, 485-504. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jcec.2001.1730

Murphy, R. (2000). Return migration, entrepreneurship and local state corporatism in rural China: The experience of two counties in south Jiangxi. Journal of Contemporary China, 9(24), 231-247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/713675936

Roberts, K. (1997). China’s tidal wave of migrant labor: What can we learn from Mexican undocumented migration to the United States? International Migration Review, 31(2), 249-293. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2547220

Roberts, K. (2002). Female labor migrants to Shanghai: Temporary “floaters” or potential settlers? International Migration Review, 36(2), 492-519. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-7379.2002.tb00090.x

Rozelle, S., Guo, L., Shen, M., Hughart, A. & Giles, J. (1999). Leaving China’s farms: Survey results of new paths and remaining hurdles to rural migration. The China Quarterly, 158, 367-393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0305741000005816

Sjaastad, L. A. (1962). The costs and returns of human migration. Journal of Political Economy, 70(5), 80-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/258726

Solinger, D. J. (1999). Contesting citizenship in urban China: Peasant migrants, the state, and the logic of the market. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Stark, O. (1991). The migration of labor. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.

Stark, O. & Taylor, J. E. (1989). Relative deprivation and international migration. Demography, 26(1), 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2061490

Stark, O. & Taylor, J. E. (1991). Migration incentives, migration types: The role of relative deprivation. The Economic Journal, 101(408), 1163-1178. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2234433

Todaro, M. P. (1969). A model of migration and urban unemployment in less-developed countries. American Economic Review, 59, 138-148.

Wang, F., Zuo, X. & Ruan, D. (2002). Rural migrants in Shanghai: Living under the shadow of socialism. International Migration Review, 36(2), 520-545. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-
7379.2002.tb00091.x

Wang, W. W. & Fan, C. C. (2006). Success or failure: selectivity and reasons for return migration in Sichuan and Anhui, China. Environment and Planning A, 38, 939-958. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/a37428

White, M. J. & Lindstrom, D. P. (2005). Internal migration. In D. L. Poston and M. Micklin (Eds.), Handbook of population (pp. 311-346). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publisher. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/0-387-23106-4_12

Wu, W. (2002). Migrant housing in urban China: Choices and Constraints. Urban Affairs Review, 38(1), 90-119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107808702401097817

Wu, W. (2005). Migrant residential distribution and metropolitan spatial development in Shanghai. In L. J. C. Ma and F. Wu (Eds.), Restructuring the Chinese city: Changing society, economy and space (pp. 222-242). London and New York: Routledge.

Yang, Q. & Guo, F. (1996). Occupational attainment of rural to urban temporary economic migrants in China, 1985-1990. International Migration Review, 30(3), 771-787. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2547636

Zhao, Y. (2001). Causes and consequences of return migration: recent evidence from China. Journal of Comparative Economics, 30(2), 376-394. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jcec.2002.1781
Published
2016-01-29
How to Cite
Chunyu, M. D., Liu, Y., Zhou, Z., & White, M. J. (2016). Internal Migration in China: Analysis of Origin-Destination Streams. Social Science Asia, 2(1), 30-47. Retrieved from https://socialscienceasia.nrct.go.th/index.php/SSAsia/article/view/65
Section
Research Article