Environmental Resettlement Policies in a Multi-Religious and Multi-Ethnic Context: The case of Inner Mongolia and Ningxia (China)

  • François ์N. Dubé Department of Economic Research, University of Ningxia, Yinchuan
  • Yang Hai Juan Department of Economic Research, University of Ningxia, Yinchuan
  • Huang Lijun Centre for Research on Economic Development of Western China, Department of Economic Research, University of Ningxia, Yinchuan
Keywords: environmental migration, China, ethnic minorities, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia

Abstract

In China, one priority of public policy is the ostensible equality among ethnic groups, a principle which is reflected in the various forms of regional and local autonomy of areas with high concentrations of minorities. However, it appears that this principle is not fully respected by state institutions during the design and implementation of environmental migration and population resettlement projects in minority areas. Based on field surveys conducted in two migrant communities of Inner Mongolia and Ningxia, we examine how the inclusion (or lack thereof) of the cultural factors of migrant populations is likely to influence the results of environmental migration projects. We find that including cultural and religious factors of migrants in the design phase of the resettlement project can promote successful integration of migrants. Thus, resettlement authorities should adopt an approach focusing on the needs of the migrant community, which is often essential for the success of the resettlement project itself.

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Published
2016-01-29
How to Cite
DubéF. ์., Juan, Y. H., & Lijun, H. (2016). Environmental Resettlement Policies in a Multi-Religious and Multi-Ethnic Context: The case of Inner Mongolia and Ningxia (China). Social Science Asia, 2(1), 48-59. Retrieved from https://socialscienceasia.nrct.go.th/index.php/SSAsia/article/view/66
Section
Research Article