State Policy and Entrepreneurial Ethnic Migrants: The Experiences of the Overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia

  • Suranjan Weeraratne Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville IL
Keywords: international migration, Chinese, Southeast Asia, state policies

Abstract

This study explores the variations in the experiences of entrepreneurial ethnic migrants. In particular, it focuses on Chinese migrants in selected Southeast Asian countries and attempts to explain variations in outcome by examining state policy related variables. The Chinese in Indonesia have faced periodic bouts of violence and entrenched institutionalized discrimination. Their counterparts in Malaysia have also faced institutionalized discrimination, but very little violence. In contrast, the Chinese in Thailand have been fairly successfully assimilated into Thai society. While economic, demographic, social and cultural explanations shed some light, they are unable to delineate the specific variations in migrant experiences. This study argues that respective state policies adopted by the host governments best explain the divergent outcomes. Such state policies have ranged from forced assimilation to partial accommodation in each country.

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Published
2016-01-29
How to Cite
Weeraratne, S. (2016). State Policy and Entrepreneurial Ethnic Migrants: The Experiences of the Overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia. Social Science Asia, 2(1), 77-92. Retrieved from https://socialscienceasia.nrct.go.th/index.php/SSAsia/article/view/68
Section
Research Article