Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual Risk Behaviors among Nepalese Students

  • Ramesh Adhikari Geography and Population Department, Mahendra Ratna Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu
Keywords: Sexual risk behavior, students, sex workers, multiple sex partners, condom use


This paper explores the prevalence of sexual risk behaviors for HIV among students in Nepal, and investigates the factors that may influence such behaviors. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 1,276 (636 male and 640 female) students. A composite index of sexual risk behavior was constructed. Associations between sexual risk behavior and explanatory variables were first assessed using Chi-square tests, then further explored using multivariate logistic analysis (binary logistic regression). The study found that sex of the student, marital status, level of education, alcohol consumption, exposure to pornography and close unmarried friends’ sexual behavior are the main predictors of sexual risk behavior. Male students were about three times more likely to be involved in sexual risk behavior than female students. Unmarried students who received reproductive health (RH) education were less likely to be engaged in sexual risk behavior than married students. On the other hand, students who consumed alcohol frequently, who were exposed pornography and who had close unmarried friends with experience of sexual intercourse were more likely to be engaged in sexual risk behavior for HIV than their comparison groups. Students, especially male students, are exposed to health hazards through their sexual behavior. This problem should be addressed early by targeting these groups of high-risk students.


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How to Cite
Adhikari, R. (2015). Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual Risk Behaviors among Nepalese Students. Social Science Asia, 1(4), 39-50. Retrieved from
Research Article