Estimation of Childhood Mortality from Children Ever Born and Children Surviving in Nepal
Infant and child mortality has been recognized as an important indicator for measuring the standard of living and socioeconomic status of a country. This paper estimates infant and child mortality from data on children ever born and children’s survival status by age of mother based on the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) 2011. We use various methods of indirect estimation such as the Trussell method (1975), the Feeney method (1976) and the Palloni and Heligman method (1986). These demographic procedures have been developed to measure fertility and mortality in developing countries, where the completeness of vital statistics registration systems is lacking. The estimation method uses data collected from surveys and censuses on number of women by age, children ever born (CEB) and children’s survival status during the year preceding the survey or census. The results estimate the infant mortality rate (IMR) at 52.7 (Feeney), 54.6 (Trussell) and 54.3 (Palloni and Heligman) for the year 2008. The estimated child mortality rate (CMR) is 19.0 (Trussell) and 19.6 (Palloni and Heligman) for the reference year 2008. As the Feeney method is applicable for populations experiencing linear decline of mortality in the recent past, the estimation of the infant mortality rate based on the Feeney method (52.7 per 1,000 for year 2008) is likely to be the most reliable for Nepal. However, this estimate is slightly different from the published figure.
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